1. Marie CurieMarie Curie is one of the most notable women in science. One of the things she is credited with is creating mobile radiography units to give X-ray services to field hospitals during World War I.
Her other achievements include developing the theory of radioactivity, methods for isolating radioactive isotopes and discovering the elements polonium and radium.
Curie was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903. In 1911, she received her second Nobel Prize in Chemistry, becoming the first person and only woman to win twice, as well as being the only person to win a Nobel Prize in two different sciences.
After recognizing that soldiers could be best served if operated on immediately on the battlefield, Curie obtained X-ray equipment, vehicles and generators to create mobile radiography units, known as petites Curies. Under her guidance, 20 mobile radiological vehicles and 200 radiological units were installed at field hospitals during World War I, according to the American Institute of Physics.